Casino Poker History
The game of poker is one of the best-known and most popular card games in North America. In the U.S. it became exceedingly popular in the mid 1830’s, originally spreading from the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to the east coast via the railroads. The game has remained the same for many years; the last significant change was the introduction of the jokers as wildcards in around 1875.
Video poker is a close relative of the regular game of poker and is derived from a combination of slot machines and five-card draw poker. The major differences between regular poker and video poker is that you are playing against a machine rather than real people, and your goal is to achieve particular hands rather than beat opponents hands (as there are no other players).
The game of video poker is only possible because of the invention of the computer chip, thus it has only been around since the mid 1970’s. Video poker is a term used to refer to several similar games of poker. Each game has slightly different rules and payoffs, but all are played in a similar fashion.
Casino Craps History
There are several theories on the history of Craps. One take is that in ancient times rolling of bones was done to divine the will of the gods, and that from this evolved both dice and various dice games (including Craps). Another take has the game evolving from an early Arab game passed through England, France and North America.
On one point all historians seem to agree, Craps was brought over to North America from Europe in the early 1700’s. The game was first played on riverboats in the United States and then moved west with the frontier as the country grew.There are two general types of Craps played today – “Street Craps” and “Bank Craps”.
Street Craps is the variety you would find being played in informal settings.
The betting is simplified, and someone must cover the bet in order for the game to progress. Bank Craps on the other hand is the form played in casinos. The betting is more complicated and the house covers the bets (banks the game) so the players are in effect playing against the house.
Casino Baccarat History
Baccarat differs from blackjack in several ways:
The total aimed at is nine rather than twenty one.
If the total is exceeded the player doesn’t automatically lose. Rather, the total cycles around a base of 10, so that if the total is greater than 9, 10 is subtracted from the total to obtain a number between 0 and 9. For example if the hand contains an 8 and a 5 the total of 13 has 10 subtracted from it and it is treated as a 3.
The 10, Jack, Queen, and King have a value of 0
(10 minus 10 = 0).
The ace has only one value; 1.
The decision to pull another card is determined by a fixed set of rules, and is not left to the players judgment (in most versions).
In Europe chips are used to place wagers, while in North America they often use real money for betting. (This is thought to make the game more exciting.)
There are three present-day games that are essentially the same and sometimes all thought of as baccarat. They are:
Chemin de fer: This game is played in some European casinos, but is not played in the U.K. and North America. The goal is the same (to get as close to 9 as possible) but the rules allow a few conditions where drawing a card is optional. The casino doesn’t play the role of banker, the players bet against each other, the players take turns being the banker-dealer (the option may be declined, and it then passes to the next player to the right) the house takes a standard cut out of the player banker’s winning coup.
Baccarat: This game is the only game played in the U.K. and North America. The goal is the same (to get as close to 9 as possible) however the game is strictly mechanical with formal rules dictating every aspect of play. The house banks the game, thus the bets can be much larger than when another player is acting as the bank, also with the house assuming the role of banker the game can be played with as few as one player (in chemin de fer you have to wait for additional players before the game can start).
Mini-baccarat: A new version of the game. The game is played at a blackjack sized table with up to seven players. The rules are the same as for the full version of baccarat, however to speed up the game the players don’t touch the cards they are dealt by the casino dealer. The stakes are much lower for this game than the full version, this plus the less formal atmosphere make this version appeal to many players.